Robust 3D visual tracking using particle filtering on the special Euclidean group: A combined approach of keypoint and edge features

Abstract

We present a 3D model-based visual tracking approach using edge and keypoint features in a particle filtering framework. Recently, particle-filtering-based approaches have been proposed to integrate multiple pose hypotheses and have shown good performance, but most of the work has made an assumption that an initial pose is given. To ameliorate this limitation, we employ keypoint features for initialization of the filter. Given 2D–3D keypoint correspondences, we randomly choose a set of minimum correspondences to calculate a set of possible pose hypotheses. Based on the inlier ratio of correspondences, the set of poses are drawn to initialize particles. After the initialization, edge points are employed to estimate inter-frame motions. While we follow a standard edge-based tracking, we perform a refinement process to improve the edge correspondences between sampled model edge points and image edge points. For better tracking performance, we employ a first-order autoregressive state dynamics, which propagates particles more effectively than Gaussian random walk models. The proposed system re-initializes particles by itself when the tracked object goes out of the field of view or is occluded. The robustness and accuracy of our approach is demonstrated using comparative experiments on synthetic and real image sequences.

Authors

Changhyun Choi
College of Computing,
Georgia Tech
heanylab [at] gmail.com

Henrik Christensen
College of Computing,
Georgia Tech
hic [at] cc.gatech.edu

 

Paper

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Video

Acknowledgement

This work was partially funded and initiated under a Collaborative Research Project between Georgia Tech and the General Motors R&D, Manufacturing Systems Research Laboratory. The work was further developed under a joint contract with Boeing Research and Technology. The support from General Motors and the Boeing Corporation is gratefully acknowledged.

Citation

  • C. Choi and H. I. Christensen, “Robust 3d visual tracking using particle filtering on the special euclidean group: a combined approach of keypoint and edge features,” The international journal of robotics research, vol. 31, iss. 4, pp. 498-519, 2012.
    [Bibtex]
    @article{choi12:robus_euclid,
    title={Robust 3D visual tracking using particle filtering on the special Euclidean group: A combined approach of keypoint and edge features},
    author={Changhyun Choi and Christensen, H.I},
    journal={The International Journal of Robotics Research},
    volume={31},
    number={4},
    pages={498--519},
    year={2012},
    publisher={SAGE Publications},
    abstract={We present a 3D model-based visual tracking approach using edge and keypoint features in a particle filtering framework. Recently, particle-filtering-based approaches have been proposed to integrate multiple pose hypotheses and have shown good performance, but most of the work has made an assumption that an initial pose is given. To ameliorate this limitation, we employ keypoint features for initialization of the filter. Given 2D–3D keypoint correspondences, we randomly choose a set of minimum correspondences to calculate a set of possible pose hypotheses. Based on the inlier ratio of correspondences, the set of poses are drawn to initialize particles. After the initialization, edge points are employed to estimate inter-frame motions. While we follow a standard edge-based tracking, we perform a refinement process to improve the edge correspondences between sampled model edge points and image edge points. For better tracking performance, we employ a first-order autoregressive state dynamics, which propagates particles more effectively than Gaussian random walk models. The proposed system re-initializes particles by itself when the tracked object goes out of the field of view or is occluded. The robustness and accuracy of our approach is demonstrated using comparative experiments on synthetic and real image sequences.},
    url_link={http://www.cogrob.org/2012/01/robust-3d-visual-tracking-using-particle-filtering-special-euclidean-group-combined-approach-keypoint-edge-features/},
    url_paper={http://www.cc.gatech.edu/~cchoi/Publications_files/Choi12ijrr.pdf}
    }
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